In Summary
  • Tractors are available in a wide range of options to suit specific tasks and requirements.
  • The walking tractor is a two-wheel machine designed for those farmers who cannot afford the big machines.
  • During harvesting, the tractor is used to haul the produce for storage, to harvest hay and to power mowers, hay rakes and baling machines.
  • Modern tractors feature power-shift and hydrostatic transmission to simplify operation.

A tractor is a vehicle designed to give high tractive effort at low speeds for the purposes of hauling agricultural implements.

Tractors are generally classified by the number of axles or wheels, with main categories being two-wheel tractors (single-axle tractors) and four-wheel tractors (two-axle tractors).

Among four-wheel tractors, most are two-wheel drive; but many are two-wheel drive with front wheel assist, four-wheel drive (often with articulated steering), or track tractors (with steel or rubber tracks).

Row crop tractors have adjustable tread width to allow the machine to pass down rows of maize or other crops without crushing the plants.

Standard tractors have fixed wheels and a lower centre of gravity for ploughing and other heavy field work.

High crop tractors have adjustable tread and increased ground clearance, often used in the cultivation of cotton and other high-growing row crop plant operations.

Tractors are available in a wide range of options to suit specific tasks and requirements.

Those in a horsepower range of 15hp to 40hp are ideal for landscaping tasks such as digging, hauling or ploughing on large gardens, fields and pastures and spraying chemicals to crops.  

Diesel or utility tractors with a horsepower range of 45hp to 110hp have a low centre of gravity and short turning radius and are used for on-farm grading, landscape maintenance and excavation purposes.

The walking tractor is a two-wheel machine designed for those farmers who cannot afford the big machines.

It has a plough disc for tilling and can also be used to pump water to the farm and to cut animal feeds with a chaff cutter.

TRACTORS' MANY USES

Bush pullers are special tongs that attach to bushes so that they can be pulled out by the roots with the tractor or winch.

The front-end loader is useful for pushing, lifting and carrying brush and logs. For heavy loads, a rear carrier is used because it has more lift capacity and puts the weight on the tractor’s more robust rear axle.

The front end loader of rear lift are used to move rocks and fill dirt and the blade to sculpt the ground, level off hills, direct drainage and build small ponds.

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