Days ago, an assistant minister said the terms establishing the Grand Coalition should be amended as they are hindering the fight against corruption; he said the accord made it difficult for the President to punish a Cabinet minister because has to consult the Prime Minister.

At about the same time, the management of Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission complained of frustrations by the office of the Attorney General.

A review of KACC’s annual report for 2007-2008 reveals that the commission concluded and forwarded to the AG 111 graft investigations for prosecution. Out of this, 27 files are still waiting for the AG’s direction. Another 70 were taken to court, but none has been concluded.

Now, before we make a judgement on the progress made on the war against corruption, let us first take stock of the legal framework which has been put in place to fight corruption, the causes of corruption and the cost of corruption.

Corruption is one of the main reasons for increasing global poverty, government ineffectiveness, and inequality. Corruption deprives countries of precious resources, undermines political stability necessary for economic growth, diminishes a country’s attractiveness for viable investments, and hampers efforts to reduce and eradicate poverty.

The causes of corruption include poor law enforcement; low levels of professionalism; lack of respect for the rule of law; minimal accountability and transparency, and; weak democracy.

In regard to legal frame work, we have the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs which is responsible for reforms in governance and anti-corruption initiatives.

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