- Education systems are challenged to develop and implement a curriculum that nurtures children to grow up as responsible citizens.
- All learning can be made contextually relevant for every learner’s holistic growth and development to become independent, confident, cooperative and inspired.
In a dynamic globalised, interconnected world with increasing manifestations of solidarity and intolerance, food insecurity, violent extremism, terrorism and corruption, it has become critical that education systems nurture learners to address these challenges.
Such an education system should instil respect for human rights — including inclusion, gender equality, social justice and diversity — giving learners the competencies and opportunity to learn to live together and realise their rights and obligations.
President Uhuru Kenyatta has expressed a strong will to end corruption and other malpractices. That can be achieved through law enforcement, public education and ethics and integrity.
Sessional Paper No. 8 of 2013 on national values and principles of governance has identified education (specifically curriculum) as one of the primary champions of values and responsible citizenship. Citizenship education is the ideal forum for addressing graft.
Kenya’s curriculum reform is geared towards a competency-based curriculum (CBC), whose ultimate goals is to nurture learners to become responsible, productive and active citizens. Citizenship is one of the seven core competencies in the Basic Education Curriculum Framework (BECF), the backbone of the new system.
A good curriculum should uphold not only competency but character; a person who not only knows that something is bad but appreciates and practises that which is right.
Education is more than literacy and numeracy. Education systems are challenged to develop and implement a curriculum that nurtures children to grow up as responsible citizens.
Learning to read, write and count (cognitive skills) are not enough; learners need to also acquire socio-emotional (or soft) skills.
The role of education goes beyond socio-economic and political development. It should play a key role in addressing challenges such as crises and conflicts, drug and substance abuse, violence, corruption and environmental changes.