In Summary
  • The government and its parastatals, such as NCPB, are bywords of inefficiency and graft in the importation and storage of maize.
  • The Aegean stables of the NCPB must not only be cleaned up thoroughly, but its overall role must be drastically reduced.

Kenya is a major food importer. Despite its huge potential to improve production capacity, it will remain a major importer of grains for the foreseeable future.

For example, our wheat and rice consumption outstrip production by a 70:30 ratio. In the case of maize, it is 54:41. That means the bulk of wheat and rice is imported.

In a good year, when there is adequate rainfall and good growing conditions, Kenya can be self-sufficient in maize but, mostly, (in)formal imports top up domestic production.

We imported 1.1 million tonnes of maize in 2015 and around 900 million tonnes in 2017. We will need to import around 800 million tonnes this year.

If we could minimise post-harvest losses, which account for as much as 20 per cent of production, that ratio would reduce considerably.

But, we will continue to import large quantities of wheat and rice and smaller quantities of maize on an ‘as and when’ basis.


It is vital that we improve the entire supply chain from the day the order is placed to its passage through the port and distribution and sales points.

We must take out, or at least ease, the supply handbrakes and blockages for the simple reasons that basic foods must get to the consumer without hindrance and also to keep prices reasonable.

Shortages, or anticipation of shortages, push up prices. Instances of the latter are creeping in at the moment.

One of the main handbrakes is the government, particularly the Ministry of Agriculture.

Prevarication ranging from outright denial of the need to import to a ‘maybe’ position and then onto a belated acceptance for the need to import is often the pattern.

It happened in 2017 with the then-Agriculture Cabinet Secretary, Willy Bett, and Mwangi Kiunjuri is going down the same path.


Clarity of direction and facilitation is the name of the game. The latter needs some amplification.

The government and its parastatals, such as National Cereals and Produce Board, are bywords of inefficiency and graft in the importation and storage of maize. They should be excised from the actual maize importation and distribution.

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