In the hotly contested 2007 elections, President Kibaki left NARC to vie on the Party of National Unity (PNU).

Some claimed Orange Democratic Movement’s (ODM) Raila was rigged out, which led to post-election violence.

As a truce, Kibaki and Raila crafted the Grand Coalition government — the third in the multi-party era, this time round, however, coded into the Constitution.

Notably, this relationship was very fruitful.

Despite the expected wrangles, with both factions playing as each other’s check and balance (with no major opposition in place), the team achieved a lot.

Top on the list was the promulgation of a mutually accepted Constitution in 2010.

Besides marked economic growth, virtually every part of the country felt represented in government.

I call this pro rata democracy — where everybody gets a share of government in the ration of popular support.


In a country where being in government means controlling 70 percent of national resources, it is foolhardy to expect calm if all you need is 50 per cent-plus-one vote to occupy State House.

Beware, however, of the possibility of having a coalition of a few big tribes — which would meet this threshold but exclude the rest of the country from leadership.

That only two tribes have led the country since Independence in 1963 and are poised to continue for the foreseeable future should make us worried.

Let’s relook at our Constitution and include sharing of power to accommodate the best loser in an election.


The presidential runner-up would become a semi-executive prime minister with power to appoint a percentage of the Cabinet positions equivalent to the votes garnered.

In the August 8 General Election, for instance, Raila would have become the premier with an effective control of 44 percent of the government — going by the official results since nullified by the Supreme Court.

‘Nusu mkate’ (half a loaf) politics may be the cure for exclusivity and tribal animosity.

They say if you want to walk fast, walk alone, but if you seek to walk far, walk with others. We certainly want to go far.

Mr Sissey is an entrepreneur. [email protected]

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