Kenya and almost all African states were created following a foreign policy decision of 13 European countries and the United States, led by the French, British and Germans. They were marking their spheres of influence during the Berlin Conference of 1884 (also referred to as the Congo Conference/West Africa Conference).

The conference, according to the General Act of the Berlin Conference, formalised the beginning of the Scramble for Africa and was motivated by these primary issues:

1. Freedom of trade in the basin of the Congo, its embouchures and circumjacent regions
2. End slave trade, and the operations by sea or land which furnish slaves to that trade
3. Neutrality of the territories comprised in the Conventional basin of the Congo
4. Navigation for the Congo and Niger rivers, their effluents and the waters in their system
5. Introducing into international relations certain uniform rules with reference to future occupations on the coast of the African Continent


Considering this, Africa was not created by Africans nor for Africans. Driven by the Principle of Effectivity (establishment of authority) decisions made at Bismarck’s official residence in Wilhelmstrasse, Berlin, have shaped Africa’s international relations so far and likely in the future, unless a separate future is determined by a strong African leadership and a well-informed population.

It is not well researched as to what consumes the minds of the youth in Africa (who are currently the most talked about population on earth) when it comes to global affairs, since they are the most privileged generation, blessed with technological capabilities that can filter knowledge out of the information provided on the internet.

African governments and institutions could be apportioned blame when it comes to the ‘international political ignorance’ of the African minds on the world around them.


Page 1 of 2