In Summary
  • Fungal diseases are easily spread through water splashes that carry the fungal spores to the healthy plant.
  • Turkeys require a cool environment of room temperature ranging from 22–240c.
  • Mostly the plant is infected by vector insects like white files.

MY SPINACH WILTS
I have been planting spinach for a while, but when it rains, they wilt when water splashes on them. Is there a way I can prevent this?
Vesh

Fungal diseases are easily spread through water splashes that carry the fungal spores to the healthy plant. High incidences of spinach anthracnose are common in wet weather conditions. It is recommended to practice crop rotation with non-host crops to reduce the pathogen load, or to spray fungicides during wet weather conditions to control the pathogen.
Sylvans Ochola,
Department of Crops Horticulture, and Soils, Egerton University.

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KEEPING TURKEYS
My name is Alice, I am about to start keeping turkeys and my question is, is there a specific climate condition for keeping them, and what cage size do they require?

Turkeys require a cool environment of room temperature ranging from 22–240c. The house space will vary from age to age; 1.5sq ft/bird at 0-4 weeks, 2.5sq ft/bird at 5-16 weeks, 4sq ft/bird at 16-29 weeks (ready for market) and 5sq ft for the breeding population. The spacing per bird should be adequate for movement and staff as well as placement and access of feeders and drinkers.
Sophie Miyumo,
Department of Animal Sciences, Egerton University.

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WHITE FLIES INFECTION
Please tell me what is wrong with the crop below?

Crop infested by a viral disease.

This is a viral disease. Mostly the plant is infected by vector insects like white files. Control is only by preventing the insect from biting the crop. After the plant is affected the way it is, there is no cure. Uproot it.
Peter Caleb,
Horticulture Scientist Crops Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University.

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I NEED A POULTRY BUSINESS PLAN
I have a bunch of Kienyeji chickens, a pair of geese, and a turkey hen, after I lost the Tom to infection. I have little information on keeping the entire lot. I kindly request that you send me a copy of business plan that include housing plans, disease control and vaccination, feeding schedule and marketing for my further knowledge.
Reagan Fredrick

Kindly send your contacts to The Smallholder Indigenous Chicken Improvement Programme on email: info@incip.org or Tel: +254 51 221 7684/5 to be assisted on your requests and also to be informed on the charges for the materials.
Sophie Miyumo,
Department of Animal Sciences, Egerton University.

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CASTOR OIL PLANTS AND SUNFLOWER BUYERS
I wish to know the serious buyers of castor oil and sunflower, and if there is any contract farming for the two, to avoid middlemen exploitation.
Geoffrey Mbobua

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