In Summary
  • It is estimated that 50 million people worldwide have kidney diseases due to various causes.
  • Chronic kidney diseases (CKD) cause at least 2.4 million deaths per year and are now the sixth fastest growing cause of death.

  • While the increase in NHIF payouts mean that more patients are accessing the much-needed treatment.

Men are more at risk of kidney diseases mostly because they engage in risky lifestyle behaviour and seek treatment late.

As the world marked international Kidney Day on Thursday, experts said that kidney diseases are so prevalent in some counties than others due to high cases of diabetes and hypertension.

“Overall, women have more burden but unfortunately more men get transplanted than women world over,” explained Dr John Ngigi, who heads Kenyatta National Hospital’s renal unit in an earlier interview.

COMPLICATIONS

It is estimated that 50 million people worldwide have kidney diseases due to various causes. Chronic kidney diseases (CKD) cause at least 2.4 million deaths per year and are now the sixth fastest growing cause of death.

This year’s theme, "Kidney health for everyone everywhere", aims to highlight the growing burden of kidney diseases.

Kidneys essentially filter toxins from the body. They also play an important role in maintaining the good functioning of the urinary system.

When the kidneys are affected and when they stop functioning properly, an individual could suffer from a number of conditions like chronic kidney disease and acute kidney failure, among other complications.

Acute kidney injury (AKI), an important driver of CKD, affects over 13 million people worldwide and 85 per cent of these cases are found in low and middle-income countries. Around 1.7 people are estimated to die annually because of AKI.

The Kenya Renal Association estimates that the number of patients on chronic haemodialysis — a treatment that filters and purifies the blood using a machine —in both private and public hospitals has increased by eight times from 300 in 2006 to 2,400 in 2018.

DIALYSIS

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