At regional level, Coast, Nairobi and Central took up 60 per cent of all budget allocations, the study said.

“While these three regions took up 60 percent of the total allocation, they only accounted for 23 per cent of unpaved roads,” the study said.

Lower Eastern and North Rift have the highest share of unpaved roads at 15 and 12 per cent respectively.

While 27 per cent of unpaved roads are in the two regions, they only received seven per cent of the road development budget allocations.

Coast and Central Rift regions have the same share of unpaved roads at 10 per cent each, but the allocation to the Coast region was eight times greater.

“75 percent of capital funds allocated to projects within specific counties were allocated to just 10 counties. Nairobi and Mombasa alone took up more than one third of the total spending. Nairobi took 22.6 percent while Mombasa was allocated 15.7 per cent,” the IBPK said in its analysis.

IBPK made an assessment of equity in the roads sector by comparing the distribution of road project financing in the national budget to the levels of access to roads across the country using World Bank data.

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