In Summary
  • In simplest terms, blockchain refers to a decentralised database.
  • The electoral commission has in the past hinted at considering using the technology in future elections to improve transparency.
  • Some of the biggest challenges in healthcare could be solved by a blockchain system allowing all doctors and healthcare providers to access your health records securely and easily.

The World Economic Forum has stated that by 2025, 10 percent of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will be stored on blockchain and its related technologies.

Blockchain technology is a decentralised digital ledger that keeps public but encrypted records of peer-to-peer transactions.

Here is a detailed explanation of how how blockchain technology can be used to prevent corruption, fraud, counterfeits, data insecurity, theft and breaches of copyright and sectors like education, journalism, banking, health, insurance, law, film, manufacturing, energy and mining.

GOVERNMENT

This is the technology that will eventually help democracies achieve electoral justice. Elections rigging shall become a practice of the past. To achieve free and fair elections, Blockchain must be used to create a tamper proof system that eliminates voter fraud and provide an authentic record of votes cast.

In Kenya, the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) has in the past hinted at considering using the technology in future elections to improve transparency.

Blockchain can also be used in the national identification and registration of citizens and foreigners where their data is put into a distributed public database which is impenetrable. It will help in cross border controls and solve the immigrant juggernaut.

The government also needs a Single Source of Truth (SSOT) regarding land ownership and transfer of property in Kenya. A distributed ledger like Blockchain has public witnesses called nodes who help to validate each transaction. This will put to end land grabbing and fraud.

EDUCATION

Cases of degree certificate forgery and infringement into academic content copyrights can only be stopped by Blockchain. It will also help to create an e-portfolio for all academic credentials.

Have you ever thought of how many skills or certificates in your CV that look irrelevant to your employer? Blockchain enables the creation of a lifelong learning passport that can be used across the globe.

On Demand Education Market Place is a project that will provide teachers and learners with a flexible learning hub where they can connect and plan before confirming courses in a matter of minutes. A database of courses is stored on unshared servers to optimize accessibility and speed.

It will allow for safe and easily accessible storage of files on a cloud and boost transparent fees payments and external funding.

JOURNALISM

Media is an industry under siege. From dwindling revenues, collapsing advertising models and the rise and rise of fake news platforms, this sector needs redemption.

But journalism is only suffering because of the distrust and dishonesty of human beings. Blockchain can create chains of authenticity in media to make it possible for readers to validate news and also ensure every journalist earns from his work – story text, image, graphic or video.

Blockchain lovers are already creating customised crypto tokens. Imagine reading an article and receiving a percentage of cryptocurrency into your wallet as a reward.

There is a private blockchain customized for journalists. It’s called civil, a decentralised communications protocol designed for independent newsrooms that focused with producing high quality investigative international and local feature stories.

HEALTH

You have heard of surgeries being done on the wrong patient. This arises from confusion of patient data and clinical medicine. But research has shown that 56 percent of healthcare providers are hopeful to start using blockchain by 2020.

This will enhance patient data privacy, interoperability and security of all healthcare data making patients safe by boosting the professionalism of surgeons, doctors and nurses.

The scandals we see in the health sector will also come to an end as well as malware and viruses that corrupt health data.

Weeding out fake medicine from the drug supply chain will be a critical role of Blockchain, besides curbing the theft of financial resources set aside by governments for their health ministries.

BANKING

It will assist in speeding up and simplifying cross border payments, preventing financial fraud in banks and ease customers on-boarding processes in Know Your Customer (KYC).

This is the technology that will block middlemen in the trading of shares, bonds and securities. It will offer an efficient platform for the issuance, transfer and management of private company securities I a manner that reduces costs.

With companies adopting loyalty and rewards as part of performance management systems, blockchain’s transparency and traceability will be very crucial.

Blockchains have the ability to store any form of digital data by use of smart contracts. A smart contract is a computer code designed to allow an execution of an agreement once two or more parties involved enter their private keys. These codes are used to execute financial transactions when the provided criteria is met.

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