In Summary
  • The blood of a haemophiliac does not clot easily.

  • Those with severe haemophilia can start bleeding spontaneously from their joints, muscles or other body parts.

  • The most common types of the condition are haemophilia A and B.

  • The disease is treated by injecting a clotting factor concentrate into a vein.

Kenya joined other countries in marking the World Haemophilia Day on Tuesday.

The ceremony took place in Nairobi under the theme “sharing knowledge.

Kenya Haemophilia Association chairman Kibet Shikuku said at least one in every 10,000 Kenyans has had the disorder, also called the bleeder’s disease.

The blood of a haemophiliac does not clot easily. The condition can result in bleeding long after an injury or an increased bleeding in one’s joints or brain.

TREATMENT

Dr Shikuku said only 650 patients, or 14 per cent of the haemophiliacs, have been diagnosed and registered for treatment and care.

He added that people with the illness lack certain factor proteins needed to form a clot.

“For patients with mild haemophilia, blood does not clot automatically when they are injured or during a surgery,” Dr Shikuku said.

Those with severe haemophilia can start bleeding spontaneously from their joints, muscles or other body parts.

He said symptoms may include swelling, pain and stiffness and problems in using one’s muscles or joints. Continuous bleeding in a joint may also lead to arthritis, he said.

X CHROMOSOME

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