In Summary
  • The name was proposed by now Mining Cabinet Secretary Najib Balala during a “No” rally in Kisumu.
  • The group brought together Mr Raila Odinga, Mr Uhuru Kenyatta, Mr William Ruto, Mr Kalonzo Musyoka, Mr Musalia Mudavadi, Mr Joe Nyagah and Mr Balala against supporters of the proposed constitution led by then President Kibaki.

The Orange Democratic Movement was born from a movement which successfully opposed the 2005 proposed constitution in a referendum.

The name was proposed by now Mining Cabinet Secretary Najib Balala during a “No” rally in Kisumu.

The “No” side, whose symbol was an orange, carried the day in the referendum.

The group brought together Mr Raila Odinga, Mr Uhuru Kenyatta, Mr William Ruto, Mr Kalonzo Musyoka, Mr Musalia Mudavadi, Mr Joe Nyagah and Mr Balala against supporters of the proposed constitution led by then President Kibaki.

The name “Orange” originated from the referendum ballot cards in which a “Yes” vote was represented by the banana and a “No” by the orange.

The “No” vote, which ODM backed, won with 58.12 per cent of Kenyans voting down the proposed constitution.

Following the rejection of the constitution, President Kibaki dismissed his entire Cabinet, which the ODM said was a step in the right direction but called for immediate elections, claiming the Kibaki regime had lost its mandate. The Kibaki administration resisted the calls.

ODM, however, emerged as a major opposition party with Kanu and pushed for a new constitution. Following their united stand in the referendum and responding to a threat by a newly formed Narc-Kenya party, the leaders of Kanu, LDP and some smaller parties decided to team up for the 2007 general elections under ODM.

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