“It is about investment-led growth that pays demographic dividends,” he added.

Dr Wagacha said elimination of waste in recurrent expenditure could help finance the programmes sustainably to achieve the objectives.

Analysts say the priorities reflect the quest to deliver social promises made during political campaigns, adding that how the government goes about implementing them would determine their success or failure.


Mr Robert Bunyi of Mavuno Capital said implementing a universal healthcare system, in particular, was likely to saddle taxpayers with a huge bill.

“The big issue with universal healthcare is cost. It will be better to create more jobs and have people pay for themselves,” Mr Bunyi said.

If implemented to mirror similar programmes elsewhere, patients would access healthcare for free, except for prescriptions and special services.

The National Health Service in the UK pays the cost of most treatment for citizens. 

UK spending on healthcare is estimated at 9.1 per cent of GDP or nearly double Kenya’s 5.7 per cent, according to the World Bank. 

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