“Yet, if the continent were to heed Nkrumah’s call, it must not fall for this Eastern economic mysticism either, but must instead, ground its relationship with either the East and the West on a pragmatic new Pan-Africanism.

The Chinese have recently been Africa’s rising creditors; advancing loans to build transportation and power transmission networks. 

Africa now owes at least Sh14.3 trillion, according to data from Chinese Commerce Ministry. 

'SECRETIVE DEALINGS'

In Kenya, the Chinese are now the biggest sovereign creditor at about Sh580 billion although they have been interchanging with the World Bank on this scale.

Last year, Beijing made further pledges during the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation summit. 

It will be advancing another Sh5 trillion, with corporates advancing about Sh1 trillion for projects.

The Chinese say their money will come as credit lines, grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans as well as special funds. 

But critics say their dealing are often secretive and only disburse money if a Chinese contractor is involved.

Mr Ruto argued it would not benefit Africans if they resist financial help from China by using the yardstick of the West which he argued had been paternalistic and perpetuated dependency. 

But he said African leaders must be prepared to be pragmatic in order to benefit from relations on both sides without compromising their values.

One way of doing this is to learn as many languages as possible. 

He said multilingual Africans will be able interact and do business between themselves as well as being able to detect flawed relations with the outside world.​

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