In Summary
  • Mr Hogendoom said in addition that there has been a spillover of Islamic extremism from Somalia where radical groups are trying to indoctrinate Kenyan Somalis.
  • The International Crisis Group said that the extensive use of the police and other security agents risks alienating the Kenyan Somali population and increase indoctrination by al-Shabaab among them.

The Shabaab terror group has built a cross-border network with the aim of recruiting and training youth to fight in Somalia and carry out attacks within Kenya, says a security think-tank.

According to International Crisis Group’s Horn of Africa project director E.J. Hogendoom, there seems to have been increased Islamic training in Kenya’s North Eastern region.

“There have been a number of factors. One longer term one is that for the last couple of decades, there has been an increased funding of conservative madrasas that have made the Muslim community in North Eastern much more conservative and isolated from the central state,” he said.

Mr Hogendoom said in addition that there has been a spillover of Islamic extremism from Somalia where radical groups are trying to indoctrinate Kenyan Somalis.

He said the first group to start indoctrinating Kenyans is called Ittihad al-Islam. It was a prototype radical Islamist group, he added.

“It was militarily defeated by Ethiopia, but its leadership basically went to all the Somali-speaking portions of the Horn and continued their radicalisation activities,” he said.

He said al-Shabaab — which is now taking control of some parts of south and central Somalia — has developed extensive networks in North Eastern and other Somali-speaking areas of Kenya and has been trying to indoctrinate the community.

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