In Summary
  • Love for the Beetle in Ethiopia goes back decades, and is rooted in both economics and nostalgia.
  • In January, Volkswagen signed a memorandum of understanding with the Ethiopian government to set up a domestic auto industry, including an assembly plant.
  • In July, Volkswagen marked the end of the Beetle's around eight-decade run by launching a limited, 65-unit "Beetle Final Edition" at its factory in Puebla, Mexico.

ADDIS ABABA,

When Robel Wolde bought a beat-up 1967 Volkswagen Beetle from a friend for 50,000 Ethiopian birr (about 1,540 euros, $1,700), it marked the start of an extensive restoration he'd plotted for years.

The 25-year-old Ethiopian painter quickly went to work.

He installed new grey leather seats, applied black stripes and decals along the orange-and-blue exterior and hired a metalworker to fit oversized headlights to the front bumper.

Two months and an additional $1,000 later, Robel's vision was complete.

And with that, he joined the growing number of young Ethiopian drivers giving the Beetle -- which has long occupied a hallowed position in the nation's car culture -- a 21st-century upgrade.

Some of this restoration work is inspired by shows like the old MTV hit "Pimp My Ride" -- "pimped out", American slang for customised vehicles, has been adopted in Addis Ababa.

Ethiopia's pimped Volkswagens

Elias Wondimagegn drives his Volkswagen Beetle in Addis Ababa on September 2, 2019. PHOTO | MICHAEL TEWELDE | AFP

ASSEMBLY PLANT

But love for the Beetle in Ethiopia goes back decades, and is rooted in both economics and nostalgia.

Volkswagen is hoping to capitalise on this goodwill. In January, it signed a memorandum of understanding with the Ethiopian government to set up a domestic auto industry, including an assembly plant.

Regardless of what comes of this project, Robel says the Beetle's popularity will endure.

"Most of the time, Beetles are driven by old people," he said, leaning on the bonnet of his car near one of Addis' busier roundabouts.

"But when they are custom and pimped like this, they are a fashion statement for young people."

Ethiopia's pimped Volkswagens

A woman walks past a Volkswagen Beetle in Addis Ababa on September 2, 2019. PHOTO | MICHAEL TEWELDE | AFP

ORIGIN

Initially developed in Nazi Germany as an instrument of propaganda, the origins of the Volkswagen Beetle "people's car" date back to 1938.

Beetles became a common sight in Addis Ababa under former emperor Haile Selassie, who ruled for more than four decades beginning in 1930.

In 1974, when the communist Derg regime removed him from power, Haile Selassie was famously forced to duck into a Beetle before being escorted away from his palace.

Decades later, Beetles remain ubiquitous, in part because exorbitant taxes make buying new cars impossible for many.

Yet it's clear that the cars also have sentimental value.

NOSTALGIA

When the Ethiopian-American novelist Maaza Mengiste sees one, she says she is reminded of the pale blue Beetle her grandfather drove -- the same car that took her to the airport when she left the country as a young girl not long after the Derg came to power.

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