- On November 24 Mnangagwa is sworn in as president, promising that elections due in 2018 will go ahead.
- In February 2018 Movement for Democratic Change picks former youth activist Nelson Chamisa to lead it into the election set for July 30.
- On August 1 the election commission announces that ZANU-PF has won most of the seats in parliament.
Zimbabwe's first elections since the removal of long-standing president Robert Mugabe turned violent when troops opened fire on protests against alleged voting fraud, killing at least three people.
Here is a timeline of events leading up to Monday's landmark vote and its bloody aftermath.
MUGABE HOUSE ARREST
Tension builds following Mugabe's sacking of Emmerson Mnangagwa as his vice president in early November 2017, a move seen as positioning the veteran president's wife to become his successor.
Army tanks take up positions around the capital overnight November 14-15 and Mugabe is put under house arrest.
Four days later the ruling ZANU-PF party sacks him as leader and expels his wife.
On November 21, the 93-year-old Mugabe bows to pressure to quit and ends his 37-year grip on power.
On November 24 Mnangagwa is sworn in as president, promising that elections due in 2018 will go ahead.
In February 2018 veteran opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai dies of cancer; his Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) picks former youth activist Nelson Chamisa to lead it into the election set for July 30.
A record 23 presidential candidates are in June cleared to stand.
On June 23 a bomb explodes as Mnangagwa leaves the podium at a ZANU-PF campaign rally in the opposition stronghold city of Bulawayo.
He escapes unharmed but dozens of people are injured and two of his bodyguards are killed.