The ministers of foreign and oil were also retained from the previous government. They had been appointed to their posts just months ago following an earlier cabinet reshuffle.
Prices of food items and other products more than doubled over the past year across Sudan as the economic crisis grew, while the foreign currency market has seen the Sudanese pound plunge against the US dollar.
Sudan's economic crisis deepened despite the United States lifting in October its decades old trade embargo on the African country.
Washington had kept Sudan on its list of "state sponsors of terrorism," a factor officials say keeps investors away and halts the country's economic revival.
Sudan's economy already suffered from the loss of three-quarters of its oil resources when South Sudan gained independence in 2011.
An attempt in September 2013 to cut fuel subsidies led to bloody confrontations between anti-austerity protesters and security forces that left dozens dead in Khartoum.
In January, Sudan witnessed sporadic anti-government protests after a sharp rise in food prices.
The authorities swifty moved in, arresting several activists and opposition leaders.