“When it comes to political party meetings, we are not informed; we are sidelined as women. It is not fair at all,” she said.

Professor Rocha Chimera gives various reasons for the scenario that could have been a hindrance and discouragement to women.

The celebrated linguistics scholar and author, who is also a lecturer at Pwani University, is however quick to add that there will be “a major bounce-back” in 2022 as women seem to be strategising and reading for the polls, which, he says, are not likely to be as violent as the 2017 ones.

“First of all, there is a general reduction of women candidates in the country. But, for the Coast, one of the reasons is that our culture is still a lot more patriarchal," Prof Chimera said.

“Among the Mijikenda and largely among the indigenous coastal communities, a woman is still a victim of cultural inhibition, not yet fully viewed as a leader on an equal level with a man.”

He added: “When a woman fights for leadership, particularly political, she is smeared with mud and society looks at her differently than a man. But this is gradually changing.”

The don went on: “This year’s politics is also too violent and extremely costly as leaders want to complete their second and final term.

"Men are ruthless, even murderers; not so for women. I have never, for example, heard that a woman candidate’s camp has killed an opponent’s supporters but it is happening with the men.

"The economic hardships experienced today, such as explosive commodity prices, says the don, affect women, who are the family keepers, as they struggle more with the primary duty to feed their hungry children.

"They, therefore, have no time to engage in a secondary activity such as politics."

“There are numerous unseen reasons prohibiting women from coming out in as large numbers as men to vie for political positions.

"But this trend is slowly waning and the future will see a completely different scenario.”


The woman rep position, constitutionally reserved for women, has also witnessed a major reduction in candidates this year compared to 2013.

Some of the winners in the last elections — such as Kilifi Woman Rep Aisha Jumwa and her Mombasa colleague, Ms Mboko — have switched to parliamentary positions.

Their Taita-Taveta peer Joyce Lay is now eyeing the senate seat.

The number of women candidates in the Coast has plummeted from 49 in the 2013 polls to 16 this year.

In 2013, Kilifi had 11, Mombasa 10, Tana River seven, Kwale six, Taita-Taveta five and Lamu four women candidates. 

There were four women senate candidates in 2013 — Ms Naomi Sidi Kumbatha and Ms Patience Mkambe Mwangiri in Kilifi, Ms Alice Mbodze Shehe (Mombasa) and Ms Zainab Adam Musa (Lamu).

This year however there are three — Ms Hazel Katana in Mombasa and Ms Lay and Ms Ana Kina Nyambu (both in Taita-Taveta).

The number of parliamentary candidates in the region has also shrunk — from 14 in 2013 to 10.

The 2017 candidates include Ms Jumwa (ODM, Malindi), Dr Naomi Shaban (Jubilee, Taveta), Ms Mercy Nema Baya (Devolution Party of Kenya, Garsen), Ms Mboko (ODM, Likoni), Ms Emma Mbura (Maendeleo Chap Chap, or MCC, Rabai) and Ms Esther Kache (Jubilee, Kilifi North).

The others are Ms Esther Kondo (Labour Party of Kenya, Rabai), Ms Ruth Lelewu (ODM, Taveta), Ms Marere wa Mwachai (National Vision Party, Msambweni) and Ms Patience Chome (Kadu-Asili, Kaloleni).

The women MP candidates in the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) list in 2013 included Ms Ephie Chari Wesa, Ms Margaret Safari, Ms Mary Mkambe Kabani and Ms Rachael Bessie Dzombo.

The others were Ms Rehmat Nadzua Sebisubi, Ms Saida Rama Shikeli and Ms Marere Mwarapayo, Ms Amina Abdalla, Dr Shaban, Ms Ruth Mkulumbu Lelewu, Ms Anne Mkang’ombe and Ms Irene Matsawi Fibe.

The 2017 woman rep list comprises Ms Zuleikha Hassan Juma (ODM, Kwale), Ms Zainab Chidzuga (Jubilee, Kwale), Ms Fatuma Tabwara (Reformed Development Party, Kwale), Ms Asha Mohamed “Ashuu” (ODM, Mombasa) and Ms Amina Abdallah (Jubilee, Mombasa).

The others are Ms Zam Zam Mohamed (Wiper, Mombasa), Ms Halima Anwar Mohamed (MCC, Mombasa) and Ms Janet Mwawasi (independent, Taita-Taveta).

The others are Ms Anisa Hope Sanguli (ODM, Taita-Taveta), Ms Priscillah Mwangeka (Wiper, Taita-Taveta), Ms Lydia Haika Mizighi (Jubilee, Taita-Taveta), Ms Shakila Mohamed Abdalla (Wiper, Lamu), Ms Aisha Nizar Abdalla (ODM, Lamu), Captain Ruweida Mohamed Obbo (Jubilee, Lamu), Ms Mariam Abubakar (MCC, Lamu) and Ms Muthoni Monica Marubu (independent, Lamu).

Page 2 of 2