In Summary
  • Tourism accounts for 20 percent of Croatia's gross domestic product, with some 18 million visitors each year, many attracted to the more than 1,000 islands and islets scattered in the Adriatic Sea.
  • Its currency the kuna was adopted in 1994 during the independence war to replace the Croatian dinar, which was a successor to Yugoslav dinar.
  • Of Croatia's seven native dog breeds, Dalmatians, with their distinctive brown or black spots and elegant bodies, have won global fame thanks to Walt Disney's cartoon "101 Dalmatians", first released in 1961.

ZAGREB

Despite the prodigious talent of Croatia's players, few expected The Fiery Ones to reach the World Cup final — a feat not seen for such a small nation since Uruguay reached football's pinnacle in 1950.

Here are five things to know about the country that on Sunday could become the ninth to have that hallowed star embroidered above its national crest:

SPORTS INCUBATOR

The country of around four million people, which became independent in 1991, produces an impressive number of champions.

Apart from footballers, its national handball team scooped a world champions title as well as Olympic gold twice, while the water polo squad were also crowned world champions.

Its top basketball players, Drazen Petrovic, who died in 1993, and NBA star Toni Kukoc bounced Croatia into the sporting spotlight.

Tennis legend Goran Ivanisevic and current star Marin Cilic, as well as high jump champion Blanka Vlasic, have also made names for themselves internationally.

And although Croatia has practically no ski resorts unlike neighbouring Slovenia, it boasts Alpine ski champions such as the likes of sister and brother act Janica and Ivica Kostelic.

Croatians have their own name for football, "nogomet", derived from the word "noga" for leg, making theirs among only a handful of languages not to have borrowed a variant of the word "football".

In neighbouring Serbia, whose language is practically the same, the word is "fudbal".

THE UBIQUITOUS TIE

The French side may wish to contemplate the phrase of Norman Davies in his book "Europe - A History": "At all events, people who deny the influence of Europe's 'smaller nations' should remember that the Croats have the rest of us by the throat."

The British historian was referring to a tie or cravat — worn every day by millions upon millions of men worldwide — whose Croatian origin reaches far into the past and is linked to love and devotion.

According to Croatians, for centuries women tied kerchiefs around their darlings' necks as they set off to do battle in foreign wars.

Notably, Croat mercenaries wore them as they fought on the side of King Louis XIV during the Thirty Years War in the 17th century.

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